Erasmus+ is the new European Union programme for education, training, youth and sport for 2014-2020. It replaces several existing EU programmes, covering all sectors of education: the Lifelong Learning Programme - Erasmus (higher education), Leonardo da Vinci (vocational education), Comenius (school education), Grundtvig (adult education), Youth in Action, and five international programmes (Erasmus Mundus, Tempus, Alfa, Edulink and the programme for cooperation with industrialised countries). For the first time, Erasmus+ will also offer EU support for sport, particularly at grassroots' level.
In the field of higher education, Erasmus+ will support the following main Actionstargeting cooperation with Partner Countries:
International credit mobility of individuals and Joint Master Degrees (under Key Action 1) promoting the mobility of learners and staff from and to Partner Countries;
Capacity Buildingprojects in higher education (under Key Action 2) promoting cooperation and partnerships that have an impact on the modernisation andinternationalisation of higher education institutions and systems in Partner Countries, with a special focus on Partner Countries neighbouring the EU;
Support to policy dialogue(under Key Action 3) through the network of Higher Education Reform Experts in Partner Countries neighbouring the EU, the international alumni association, policy dialogue with partner countries and international attractiveness and promotion events;
Jean Monnetactivitieswith the aim of stimulating teaching, research and reflection in the field of European Unionstudiesworldwide.
KEY ACTION 1:LEARNING MOBILITY OF INDIVIDUALS
This Action promote transnational mobility activities targeting learners (students, trainees, apprentices, young peopleand volunteers), and staff (professors, teachers, trainers, youth workers, and people working in organisations active in the education, training and youth fields) and aiming to:
- support learners in the acquisition of competences (knowledge, skills and attitudes) with a view to improving their personal development and employability in the European labour market;
- support the professional development of those who work in education, training and youth with a view to innovating and improving the quality of teaching, training and youth work across Europe;
- enhancenotably the participants' foreign languages competence;
- raise participants' awareness and understanding of other cultures and countries, offering them the opportunity to build networks of international contacts, to actively participate in society anddevelop a sense of European citizenship and identity;
- increasethe capacities, attractiveness and international dimension of organisations active in the education, training and youth fields so that they are able to offer activities and programmes that better respond to the needs of individuals, within and outside Europe;
- reinforce synergies and transitions between formal, non-formal education, vocational training, employment and entrepreneurship;
- ensure a better recognition of competences gained throughthe learning periods abroad.
KEY ACTION 2:COOPERATION FOR INNOVATIONAND THE EXCHANGE OF GOOD PRACTICES
Strategic Partnerships aim to support the development, transfer and/or implementation of innovative practices at organisational, local, regional, national or European levelswith the aim of:
- enhancing the quality and relevance of the learning offer in education, training and youth work by developing new and innovative approaches and supporting the dissemination of best practices;
- fostering the provision and the assessment of key-competences, including basic skills and transversal skills particularly entrepreneurship, languages and digital skills;
- increasing labour market relevance of learning provision and qualifications and reinforcing links between education, training or the youth fields with the world of work;
- promoting take-up of innovative practices in education, training and youth by supporting personalised learning approaches,collaborative learning and critical thinking, strategic use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), open educational resources (OER), open and flexible learning, virtual mobility and other innovative learning methods;
- promoting structured inter-regional and cross-border cooperation: enhancing the commitment of local and regional public authorities in the qualitative development of the education, training and youth fields;
- enhancing the professional development of those working or active in theeducation, training and youth fields by innovating and increasing the quality and range of initial and continuing training, including new pedagogies, ICT-based methodologies and use of OER;
- improving the capacities of organisations active in the fields ofeducation, training and youth, notably in the areas of strategic development, organisational management, leadership, quality of learning provision, internationalisation, equity and inclusion, qualitative and targeted activities for specific groups;
- fostering equity and inclusion in education, training and youth, to enable quality learning for all as well as to prevent drop-out and promote participation of disadvantaged groups in society;
- promote entrepreneurship education to develop active citizenship, employability and new business creation (including social entrepreneurship), supporting future learning and career paths for individuals in line with their personal and professional development;
- increasing participation in learning and employability by developing quality career guidance, counselling and support services;
- facilitating the transition of learners through different levels and types of formal/non-formal education and training through the use of European reference tools for the recognition, validation and transparency of competences and qualifications.
KEY ACTION 3:SUPPORT FOR POLICY REFORM
This Action promotes the active participation of young people in democratic life and fostersdebate around topics centred on the themes and priorities set by the Structured Dialogue and the renewed political framework in the youth field.Structured Dialogue is the name used for discussions between young people and youth policy-makers in order to obtain results which are useful for policy-making. The debate is structured around priorities and timing and foresees events where young people discuss the agreed themes among themselves and with policy-makers, youth experts and representatives of public authorities in charge of youth.
In addition,Key Action 3 covers many other Actions in support for policy reform in the education, training and youth fields.These Actions are implemented directly by the European Commission or through specific calls for proposals managed by the Executive Agency.